John Paul II
- (b. 1920)Pope.John Paul was born Karol Jozef Wojtyla in Wadowice, Poland. He was educated at the Jagiellonian University and was a member of the resistance during the Nazi occupation of Poland. He was ordained in 1946 and, after a career as a parish priest and university professor, he was made a Bishop in 1958, Archbishop of Cracow in 1964 and Cardinal in 1967. After the thirty-three-day Pontificate of Pope john paul i, he was elected, as the first Polish Pope, in 1978. He has made a series of visits world-wide, but, perhaps because of his experience of Poland under Communism, he has remained unbending in his opposition to liberation theology and the politicisation of the priesthood. In addition, he is a staunch traditionalist in ethical matters; he is uncompromising in his condemnation of artificial contraception and abortion and he is unenthusiastic about the idea of women priests. He survived an assassination attempt in 1981 and is increasingly seen as a bastion of conservative values in a transitional world.John Paul II, Word of Certitude (1984);P. Johnson, Pope John Paul II and the Catholic Restoration (1982);M. Walsh, John Paul II (1994).
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JOHN PAUL II° — (1920–2005), pope from 1978 to 2005. Born Karol Wojtyla in Wadowice, Poland, he was a student in the University of Cracow when the Germans invaded Poland, effectively closing the university. Under the occupation he worked in a stone quarry,… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
John Paul — 1. John Paul I (born Albino Luciani) 1912 78; pope (1978) 2. John Paul II (born Karol Wojtyła) 1920 ; pope (1978 ) * * * … Universalium
John Paul — John′ Paul′ 1) big John Paul I, (Albino Luciani) 1912–78, Italian ecclesiastic: pope 1978 2) big John Paul II, (Karol Wojtyła) born 1920, Polish ecclesiastic: pope since 1978 … From formal English to slang
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John Paul I — (1912 78) an Italian priest who was ↑Pope (=the leader of the Roman Catholic religion) for only 34 days before his death … Dictionary of contemporary English
John Paul II — John Paul II, Pope (1920 ) a Polish priest, who became the first Polish ↑pope (=the leader of the Roman Catholic religion) in 1978. He has travelled more than any Pope before, visiting countries all over the world. He has often spoken about his… … Dictionary of contemporary English
John Paul II — (Karol Wojtyla) born 1920, Polish ecclesiastic: pope since 1978. * * * orig. Karol Wojtyła born May 18, 1920, Wadowice, Pol. died April 2, 2005, Vatican City Pope (1978–2005), the bishop of Rome and head of the Roman Catholic church, the first… … Universalium
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